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Thursday, December 23, 2010


Myth: “Xmas” is a non-religious name / spelling for “Christmas”.
It turns out, “Xmas” is not a non-religious version of “Christmas”. The “X” is actually indicating the Greek letter “Chi”, which is short for the Greek, meaning “Christ”. So “Xmas” and “Christmas” are equivalent in every way except their lettering.
Although writing guides such as those issued by the New York Times; the BBC; The Christian Writer’s Manual of Style; and Oxford Press discourage the use of XMas in formal writing, at one time, it was a very popular practice, particularly with religious scribes. In fact, the practice of using the symbol “X” in place of Christ’s name has been going on amongst religious scholars for at least 1000 years.
Eventually, this practice spread to non-religious writings.  Pretty much everywhere “Christ” appeared in a word, the Greek Chi would replace that part of the word. For example, in the 17th and 18th centuries, there are numerous non-religious documents containing instances of “Xine” being a common spelling for someone who’s name was Christine.
Bonus Factoids:
  • The “-mas” part on the end of Christmas and Xmas comes from the Old English word for “mass”.
  • Other classic common abbreviations for “Christ” were: “Xp” and “Xt”, again both an abbreviated form of the Greek for Christ.
  • Chi Rho SculptureThe Greek letters “X” (Chi) and “p” (Rho) superimposed together was once a very common symbol signifying Christ and was called, somewhat unimaginatively, the Chi-Rho.
  • The Chi-Rho was also used by scribes in a non-religious sense to mark some passage that was particularly good, with it literally implying “good”.
  • In 1977, the Governor of New Hampshire issued a press release stating that journalists should cease taking the “Christ” out of “Christmas” as “Xmas” was a pagan spelling of Christmas. Perhaps he should have run that press release by a religious scholar before issuing it. :-)
  • Although, even those well versed and respected in Christianity often make the same mistake, such as Franklin Graham in an interview on CNN: “For us as Christians, this is one of the most holy of the holidays, the birth of our savior Jesus Christ. And for people to take Christ out of Christmas. They’re happy to say merry Xmas. Let’s just take Jesus out. And really, I think, a war against the name of Jesus Christ.”

Saturday, November 6, 2010

About lobsters

10 amazing facts about animals

10 Amazing Facts About Animals
[Source: Today I Found Out]

Fun with names

1.Real Name: Rolly Bagamano Caidic
2. YOUR GANGSTA NAME: (first 4 letters of your name + zzie)
3. YOUR DETECTIVE NAME: (fav color and fav animal)
green dog!
4. YOUR SOAP OPERA NAME: (middle name, and current street)
bagamano quesada
5. YOUR STAR WARS NAME: (the first 3 letters of your last name, first 2 letters of your first name, first 3 letters of mom's name)
6. SUPERHERO NAME: (2nd favorite color, favorite drink)
red juice???
7. IRAQI NAME: (2nd letter of your first name, 3rd letter of your last name, any letter of your middle name, 2nd letter of your moms maiden name, 3rd letter of your dads middle name, 1st letter of a siblings first name, last letter of your moms middle name)
8. MONUMENT NAME: (fathers or mothers middle name)
9. GOTH NAME: (3rd favorite color, and the name of one your pets)
white cutie
10. SCREEN NAME: (any of your tv's brand and your mom's middle name)
sharp bagamano

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

E-poster by Xena

1st place Unit Level
2nd place Division Level
Electronic Poster Making by Xena Bautista

STEP Skills congrats LNHS!

da hairdresser en da coach! and the boys! (at d back)

makita na ang kamay khit di makita mukha.. hakhak

2nd place hairdressing (tama ba term?! ahaha!)

1st place bar tending and cocktail mixing

1st place electronic poster making

uwian taym!

may masamang balak yun dalawa sa likod..

halloooweeen facts

15 Facts About Halloween-Infographic

[Source: Today I Found Out]

Sunday, October 24, 2010

some facebook facts

owkie i don't have one (haha) but here's some infos u might be interested with

Saturday, August 14, 2010

Group 1 II - Diamond

Group 2 II - Diamond

Group 3 II - Diamond

Group 4 II - Diamond

Group 5 II - Diamond

Group 1 II - Tiffany

Group 2 II - Tiffany

Group 3 II - Tiffany

Group 4 II - Tiffany

Group 5 II - Tiffany

the end of presentation

Sunday, August 8, 2010

Light dependent phase and light-independent phase of photosynthesis

Activity No. __

Light dependent phase and light-independent phase of photosynthesis

I. Materials

Diagram of light-dependent and light-independent phase of photosynthesis

II. Procedure

Analyze the given diagram and answer the given questions.

I. Guide Questions

1. What raw material is needed in light-dependent phase?

2. What happened to water (H2O) molecule?

3. Into what molecule will hydrogen attach?

4. In which part of the chloroplast does light-dependent phase occur?

5. What is the role of chlorophyll in light-dependent phase?

6. What molecule was produced from the energy of flowing electrons?

7. What are the end products of light-dependent phase?

8. What raw material is needed in light-independent phase?

9. In which part of the chloroplast does light-independent phase occur?

10. What is the end product of light-independent phase?


Activity NO. ___


I. Materials

Diagram of photosynthesis

Marking pen


II. Procedure

Analyze the given diagram and answer the guide questions.


I. Guide Questions

1. What are the raw materials needed by plants?

2. What structure or part of plants will absorb the raw materials?

3. What kind of energy is needed by plants to convert raw materials into food?

4. What is the major source of this energy?

5. What will absorb the energy needed?

6. What are the end-products of food-making process?

7. What will happen to the end products?

8. What is the process of photosynthesis? Explain.

The role of chlorophyll in photosynthesis

Activity No. ___

The role of chlorophyll in photosynthesis

I. Materials

Beaker Iodine

Test tubes Iron stand

Carbon paper wire gauze

Alcohol lamp iron ring

Leaves test tube rack


II. Procedure

1. Get a sample plant with netter venation.

2. Choose two leaves of similar size from the sample plant.

3. Cover one leaf with carbon paper for one day; leave the other leaf uncovered.

4. Light the alcohol lamp and boil each leaf for 20 seconds to kill the cell.

5. Put out the flame. Then, transfer the leaves in a container or test tube. Add enough ethanol to cover the leaf.

6. Return the test tube to the beaker. Boil until the leaf loses its color.

7. When all the chlorophyll has been extracted, remove the leaves using a forceps. Rinse them with water then dry.

8. After drying, dip the leaves in a glass plate with iodine solution.

9. Observe any color change. A blue-violet color indicates the presence of starch produced and stored by plants.

III. Observation

Color of the leaf when boiled

Color of the leaf when dipped in iodine

Leaf A

Leaf B

IV. Analysis

1. Why did you boil the leaves in water and alcohol?

2. What is the color of the ethanol? What do you think dissolved on it?

3. Which part of the leaf shows the presence of starch?

4. Can plants produce food without chlorophyll? Explain.

5. Will plants exist without the energy of sunlight? Why or why not?

Wednesday, July 7, 2010

Effect of salt solutions on plant

Activity No. ___

Effect of salt solutions on plant

I. Materials

1 pc. big potato

2 pcs. jars / cups



II. Procedure

1. Label the jars Setup A and Setup B. Then fill it up with water.

2. Add spoonful of salt in Setup A. Stir until the salt dissolves.

3. Cut three to five slices of potato about 2mm.

4. Put an equal number of potato slices in each jars.

5. Leave the potatoes soaked for 20 minutes.

6. Take out the slices.

III. Observation


Setup A

Setup B

IV. Analysis

1. Which potatoes have lost water from the cells?

2. Which potatoes have gained water from the cells?

Measuring Osmosis

Activity No. __

Measuring Osmosis

I. Materials

2 pcs. raw eggs

2 pcs. wide-mouthed jars

400 ml. white vinegar

200 ml. distilled water

200 ml. 20% salt solution


Paper towels

Marking pen

II. Procedure

1. Using the marking pen, label the jars Setup A and Setup B.

2. Place one egg in each of the beakers.

3. Add enough vinegar to each beaker to cover the eggs.

4. After 24 hours, pour off the vinegar. Observe what has happened. Carefully remove the eggs from jars and dry with a paper towel.

5. Find the mass of each dry egg. Record your findings. Rinse the beakers and dry them thoroughly. Return each egg to its original jars.

6. Add 200 ml. distilled water to Setup A. Add 200 ml. salt solution to Setup B.

7. Allow each egg to remain in its jar for 24 hours.

8. After 24 hours, do the following for each egg:

a. Carefully remove the egg and dry it.

b. Record the mass of the egg.

c. Measure and record the remaining liquid.

III. Data and observation

Egg in Solution







Setup A – distilled water

Setup B – salt water

IV. Analysis

1. Compare what happened to the mass of the egg in distilled water and in the egg placed in salt water.

2. What happened to the volume of distilled water and or salt water?

V. Application

1. If your put freshwater fish in saltwater or saltwater fish in freshwater, the fish will die. Use your knowledge of osmosis to explain why this happen.

Diffusion, and More of Capillarity

Activity No. __


I. Materials

Atsuete seeds

Glass with tap water

II. Procedure

1. Half fill a glass with tap water.

2. Add squeezed atsuete seeds. Observe.

III. Observation

Draw the glass before and after the activity.

IV. Analysis

1. Describe what happens to the water.

2. What is diffusion?

V. Application

1. Cite three everyday situations where diffusion happens.

Activity No. ___

More of capillarity

I. Materials


Red food color

Stalks of celery


II. Procedure

1. Fill up the beaker with water. Put food color.

2. Cut stalks of celery about 10 centimeters long.

3. Dip the stalks into the beaker. Mark the water level.

4. Set aside the setup for 10 minutes or longer. Observe.

III. Observation

Draw what happened to the stalks of celery

IV. Analysis

1. What happened to the amount of water after the celery stalks have been dipped for 10 minutes?

Do you see part of the celery acquiring color? Describe.

Your Horroscope